An elbow is a pipe fitting installed between two lengths of pipe or tubing to allow a change of direction, usually a 90° or 45° angle, though 22.5° elbows are also made. The ends may be machined for butt welding, threaded (usually female), or socket, etc. When the two ends differ in size, the fitting is called a reducing elbow or reducer elbow.
Stub Ends are fittings used in place of welded flanges where rotating back up flanges are desired. They are also called Lap Joints and Vanstone Flared Laps. A rotating back up flange seats itself against the back surface of the Stub End. When bolts are added, the clamping action of the bolts presses the rotating back up flange against the back of the Stub End. The gasket surface of the Stub End then presses against a gasket and another gasket surface providing joints like standard flange joints. The seal is made by the gasket surface of the stub end alone, the flange only provides the clamping pressure on the joint.
A reducer is the component in a pipeline that reduces the pipe size from a larger to a smaller bore (inner diameter). A reducer can be used either as nozzle or as diffuse depending on the mach number of the flow. A reducer allows for a change in pipe size to meet hydraulic flow requirements of the system, or to adapt to existing piping of a different size. Reducers are usually concentric but eccentric reducers are used when required to maintain the same top-or bottom-of-pipe level.
Pipe cap is usually used for protecting the end of pipe and other fittings,so the shape is designed according to the shape of pipe line. We also use caps to cut off the transition and the connection treat can be butt weld,socket weld and thread connection according to use requirements. TANA Steel are Manufacturer, Exporter and Supplier of Pipe Cap. Pipe caps are widely well-known for the utmost output and outstanding results that it gives. Pipe Cap manufactured using superior grade raw materials. Pipe Cap are used for connecting pipes of different diameters and find wide applications in various chemicals, construction industries, paper, cement & ship builders.
A tee is also called triplet,three way and "T" pieces and it can be used to either combine or split a fluid flow. Most common are tees with the same inlet and outlet sizes, but 'reducing' tees are available as well. it means the one or two ends are differ in dimension.due to thisdimension differ,the makes the tee fittings with the capacity to control the volume when requried.
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